エチオピア航空のパイロット、墜落事故の数カ月前に危険性を警告

By Ryan Beene and Nizar Manek, May 30 2019

  • ライオンエア機の惨事の再発防止で乗務員訓練の強化必要-メール

  • 昨年12月にパイロットが訓練強化を上司に求めていた

エチオピア航空のパイロット1人は、同社が運航していたボーイング737MAXが墜落事故を起こす数カ月前に上級管理職に対し、ライオンエア機と同様の惨事再発を防ぐには乗務員の訓練の強化とコミュニケーションの改善が必要だと警告していた。
  ブルームバーグ・ニュースが閲覧した電子メールや文書によると、このパイロットは昨年12月、ライオンエア機が同年10月にジャワ海に墜落する前に遭遇したような状況への備えを乗務員がより良く行えるよう、737MAXの飛行制御機能に関する訓練の強化を上司に求めていた。
https://www.bloomberg.co.jp/news/articles/2019-05-29/PS8Z4E6S972801

Long Before Crash, Ethiopian Pilot Warned Bosses of Dangers

By Ryan Beene and Nizar Manek, May 30 2019

  • He called for more communication to 737 crews after Lion Air

  • In email to airline managers, he cited need for more training

(Bloomberg) --
An Ethiopian Airlines pilot told senior managers at the carrier months before one of its Boeing Co.737 Max jets crashed that more training and better communication to crew members was needed to avert a repeat of a similar disaster involving a Lion Air flight.
According to emails and documents reviewed by Bloomberg News, the pilot in December urged his superiors to bolster training on a 737 Max flight-control feature so crews would be better prepared for what the Lion Air pilots encountered in October before plunging into the Java Sea, killing all aboard.
(1,138 words)
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-05-29/long-before-crash-ethiopian-air-pilot-warned-bosses-of-dangers

Perils of a rail link built with Chinese funds

DJIBOUTI DESPATCH | INTERNATIONAL
(The Hindu) -- 
Nizar Manek, 19 May 2019
Due to electricity shortages, the railway could be blocked for a whole day of operations
The train had crossed the frontier on Chinese-built rails between Ethiopia and Djibouti. Barren escarpments and acacia trees were flowing past the windows. Behind lay Ethiopia and a disclaimer at the ticket booth warning passengers to travel at their own peril. Funded by China’s Exim Bank for $4.2 billion, this is Africa’s first electrified railway, except that it is not really. “Look at the electricity shortage: the train could be blocked for a whole day of operations,” Djibouti’s Finance Minister Ilyas Dawaleh told this writer in his office in Djibouti City.
In January, Mr. Dawaleh said, operations were halted for half a day when a train was blocked by protesters amid conflict on the border between Ethiopia’s Afar and Somali States. Ethnic Afar feared Somali annexation of villages. “Everyone’s taking hostage of the infrastructure,” Mr. Dawaleh said. Besides the Ethiopian unrest, nomadic people demanding compensation for run-over camels too were not factored into a feasibility study Exim Bank approved for the over 700-km Ethiopia-Djibouti Railway in 2013, before disbursing the loan ($490 million) for Djibouti. In April, an Ethiopian freight train skidded off the tracks. Revenue forecasts for the railway, meant as a pivot for Ethiopia’s export-oriented industrial development dream, have been cut to a third against the feasibility study. The track remains incomplete in both the nations and the railway transports only one commercial train a day, not three as planned, said Ahmed Osman, Governor of Djibouti’s Central Bank.
(634 words)
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/perils-of-a-rail-link-built-with-chinese-funds/article27172169.ece

Ethiopian Region Demands Probe Into Killings Near Sudan Border

By Nizar Manek, May 7 2019

  • Friday violence left 200 people dead in Amhara state

  • Ethnic nationalists want territorial boundaries dismantled

International investigators should probe the killings of more than 200 people in Ethiopia amid a territorial dispute near the Sudanese border, a regional official said.
The violence occurred on Friday in Agew Awi Zone in Amhara state, according to Adigo Amsaya, the deputy president of neighboring Benishangul-Gumuz state.
(336 words)
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-05-07/ethiopia-region-demands-probe-into-killings-near-sudan-border

Ethiopia Pays Too Little to Clothing-Factory Workers, Study Says

By Nizar Manek, May 7 2019

  • State assured customers its workforce would accept low wages

  • Nation supplies retailers including H&M, Gap and PVH

Ethiopia should gradually increase base wages for workers in its nascent clothing-making industry and address ethnic unrest in a region housing its flagship industrial park, according to a study by New York University.
The entry-level pay for those producing for retailers including Hennes & Mauritz AB, Gap Inc, and PVH Corp. at Hawassa Industrial Park is 750 Ethiopian birr ($26) a month, according to the report by the Stern School of Business’ Center for Business and Human Rights. The annual wages are 40 percent below the average Ethiopian per capita income of $783, according to the study.
(305 words)
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-05-07/ethiopia-pays-too-little-to-clothing-factory-workers-study-says

Ethiopia Charges Ex-Security Officials With Abuses, Fana Says.

By Nizar Manek, May 7 2019
(Bloomberg) --
Ethiopia charged 26 former officials of its National Intelligence and Security Services, including ex-Director General Getachew Assefa, the ruling party-funded Fana Broadcasting Corp. reported.
Four of them, including Getachew, were charged in absentia at a court in the capital, Addis Ababa, with gross human rights violations. They include torture, forced confessions, sodomy, rape, electrocution, and arbitrary detention of people in secret facilities, Fana said, citing a statement from the Attorney General’s Office.
(125 words -- Bloomberg Terminal)
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/terminal/OHTESG6S972O

South Sudan Parties Agree Delay to Transitional Government

By Okech Francis and Nizar Manek, May 3 2019
(Bloomberg) --
South Sudan’s government and rebel leaders agreed to postpone the introduction of a transitional government for six months to complete the conditions of their peace deal.
The postponement came after two days of talks in Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa, where rebel leader Riek Machar sought to delay the formation of a unity government later this month to address issues including an agreement on regional boundaries and the implementation of security measures that all sides are confident in. Its creation was agreed in September, the last in a series of deals since December 2013 when fighting started that cost the lives of almost 400,000 people and displaced more than four million others.
(172 words -- Bloomberg terminal)
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/terminal/OHTESG6S972O

`There Was Nothing Left,' 737 Crash Kin Lament, as Agony Deepens

By Nizar Manek, Todd Shields and Janan Hanna, May 2 2019

  • Jet slammed into ground, leaving crater and shattered debris

  • ‘We had nothing to cremate’ says a relative of six victims

(Bloomberg) --
A crater surrounded by barbed wire and guarded by police marks the spot where Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 plunged to earth after a terrifying six-minuteflight, killing 157 people and sending Boeing Co., the plane’s manufacturer, into turmoil.
In the seven weeks since the disaster, the grief of family members has been joined by growing frustration over what they say is a lack of information from authorities and the failure to receive the remains of their loved ones.
(1,143 words)
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-05-02/lack-of-remains-from-ethiopian-737-crash-frustrates-next-of-kin

Chinese Car Shipments Touted as Growth Avenue for Djibouti Port

By Nizar Manek, April 23 2019

  • Doraleh Multi-Purpose Port will also support manufacturing hub

  • Doraleh Container Terminal expects to reach 85% of capacity

A Djibouti port part-owned by China Merchants Port Holdings Co. plans to handle vehicle shipments from China and Europe as it chases other avenues of growth after meeting targets during its first year of operations.
The rapid growth of new business lines underlines why Chinese companies are scurrying to get a foot-in-the-door in the tiny northeast African nation, a passing point for about a third of the world’s shipping traffic. Businesses from the world’s second-biggest economy are involved in everything from rail to banking as part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, which often uses debt to fund infrastructure and other projects.
(473 words)
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-04-23/chinese-car-shipments-touted-as-growth-avenue-for-djibouti-port

China Merchants in Talks to Replace Ousted Djibouti-Bank Partner

By Nizar Manek, April 17 2019

  • Djibouti government seeks new shareholder in lender Silkroad

  • IZP stake bought back by investors after money-laundering fine

(Bloomberg) --
China Merchants Bank Co. is in talks to take a stake in Djibouti’s Silkroad International Bank SA after a unit of China-based IZP Group was expelled as a shareholder after being penalized for allegedly breaching anti-money laundering rules.
The discussions are an illustration of the deepening ties between the world’s second-biggest economy and the tiny northeast African nation, a passing point for about a third of the world’s shipping traffic. IZP Group’s Globebill Technology Co. was among third-party payment companies fined by China’s foreign-exchange regulator for violating rules on cross-border payments, Beijing-based Caixin Global reported in February.
(374 words)
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-04-17/china-merchants-in-talks-to-replace-ousted-djibouti-bank-partner

European Banks May Fund Djibouti Airport After China Deal Nixed

By Nizar Manek, April 11 2019

  • Djibouti cancelled China Civil Engineering contract in 2017

  • Potential loan for $420 million will be repaid over 15 years

(Bloomberg) --
A syndicate of European banks are in talks to finance a new airport in Djibouti after the government canceled a contract awarded to China Civil Engineering Construction Corp., the Red Sea nation’s port authority said.
The German Development Bank, known as KfW, is leading the group of lenders considering whether to provide a $420 million commercial loan for the project, Djibouti Ports & Free Zones Authority Chairman Aboubaker Omar Hadi said in an interview. No deal has been finalized yet, he said.
(363 words)
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-04-11/european-banks-may-fund-djibouti-airport-after-china-deal-nixed

Ethiopia Crash Victims' DNA Samples to Be Sent for London Tests

By Nizar Manek, April 9 2019
(Bloomberg) --
Ethiopia will send DNA samples taken from the victims of last month’s Boeing Co. 737 Max jet crash for identification tests in London.
The remains of the 157 people who died are currently in a hospital in Addis Ababa, the Ethiopia capital, Musie Yehyies, the spokesman for the transport ministry, said in an interview. Human tissue has been gathered by a team led by Interpol and the U.K.’s Blake Emergency Services, the official said, without saying exactly where the tests will be carried out.
(176 words)
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-04-09/ethiopia-crash-victims-dna-samples-to-be-sent-for-london-tests