Eritrea’s 20-year conflict with Ethiopia ended in July
Government said besiegement justified tight political control
By Nizar Manek and Samuel Gebre, 27 August 2018
Eritrea’s rapprochement with Ethiopiamay have removed the threat of conflict, but it poses a new challenge for the one-party Red Sea state that’s long prioritized a war-footing with its giant neighbor over democracy.
After decades of conflict and tension, the calm is a novelty for the nation that sits on a key shipping route to the Suez Canal and has known only five years of official peace since seceding from Ethiopia in 1993. After the two fought a 1998-2000 war, Eritrea stifled dissent and indefinitely suspended time limits on national service, spurring tens of thousands of people to flee to neighboring countries and Europe.