Tunisia’s Flawed Bank Bailout

(Foreign Affairs) -- 
By Nizar Manek, 18 October 2015
Paid by the People, But Not for the People
At the beginning of August, several parliamentarians in Tunisia angrily called for the government to disclose the findings of secret audits for two state-owned banks. A bank bailout vote would be taking place only days later, on August 7, and most of the loan portfolios of the two banks in question—Société Tunisienne de Banque and Banque de l’Habitat—were abused or laid to waste by the regime of former president Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali. These banks hold a tsunami of still unresolved bad debt and are now publicly known to be illiquid and possibly insolvent.
The audits detail the lending activity of the two banks during more than two decades of mismanagement under state bankers installed by Ben Ali. During that time period, the bankers had been forced to finance most, if not all, loan applications presented by Ben Ali and his entourage. They did so by counting these loans as gifts, according to a local Tunisian banker who has seen one of the secret bank audits. Once granted, most of the loans were never repaid. Since the fall of the Ben Ali regime after the 2011 revolution, the banks have remained largely unreformed, although the government is promising a shakeup of executive-level management.
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